At What Height Should I Hand My Pictures? 

People are different the world over, and therefore so are the spaces that we design for ourselves. So how can you find the perfect spacing for your pictures in your spaces? To give you a head start here are some industry standard tips and rules of thumb used by interior designers and art institutions the world over.
The Classic Approach

Typically, in museums and galleries Modern and contemporary works are hung at 145cm from the floor to the middle of the picture. Certain museums and auction houses have their own rules. Christie’s auction house, for example, hangs its Modern and contemporary works at 155cm whereas Old Masters tend to be hung a little higher.

Galleries often hang at 145cm from the centre. Some go higher, especially for Old Master.

In your home or office, however, the height at which you hang your work will have to take into account fittings, furniture, and other considerations that curators don’t have to worry about in most museums.
Proportion and Balance

This is the most important thing to consider. To calculate the width of your ideal artwork , simply multiply the length of your wall by 0.57. This will give you the right balance of blank space on either side.

If you are going for a gallery wall style hang or hanging two pictures side by side then use the same calculation to define the ideal distance between the outside edges of the works on the left and right.
Multiplying the width of your wall by 0.57 to find the ideal size of your works. Artwork: Star Gazer (left) and colour customised Nefertiti.
Beauty and balance have been achieved by designers and artists for centuries using a ratio that occurs throughout nature.
‘The Golden Ration’ or ‘Fibonacci number’ is a mathematical term which means that two numbers are in the golden ratio if their ratio is the same as the ratio of their sum to the larger of the two numbers. This was observed in nature and used in works of art through centuries.
‘The golden ratio’ of approximately 1.61 was used famously by Leonardo Da Vinci, Le Courbousier and is amongst the first lessons taught to interior designers. This is because the ratio seems to dictate the relative proportions of nature’s most beautiful forms. In humans the golden ratio of 1.61 applies to the total height of a person relative to the height of their navel. This is also our centre of gravity that defines how well balanced we are. 
Interior designers simplified the golden ratio into three quantities, percentages, describing the amount of each colour which should be ideally represented in the room as one way of thinking about decor. Artwork in picture: Sunrise.
Designers have simplified the golden ratio into the 60:30:10 rule, in which the primary object or colour should be 60% of the total size of the room, 30% offers a secondary contrast and the final 10% provides an accent. You can use this rule to balance the relationship between everything in your space: between rugs and total floor space, furniture and room size, sofas and coffee tables, and of course the size and placement of artworks. In relation to hanging pictures, this rule tells you that the space taken up by your artworks should be 60% of your total wall length. A further 30% should be contrasting blank space and the final 10% is an opportunity to provide an accent with soft furnishings . However you decide to apply this rule, multiplying the total width of the wall by 0.57 will always be your best starting point.
Hanging Pictures Above a Sofa

Using the same principle, if you’re looking to fill a space above a bed or sofa, look for artworks that are at least two thirds of the furniture’s total width. You have a bit of space to play with but anything too large will dwarf your furniture and anything smaller will leave too much blank space.
When hanging artwork above a sofa, it should cover two thirds of the sofa’s length as is Bosque Grande above.
A rough height guide for hanging above furniture is to aim for the bottom of the frame to be anything between 15-20cm above the highest point of the furniture. Of course this depends on the size of your furniture. If you have big furniture with high backs and high ceilings in the room, consider adding another 5cm. If you are going for a gallery wall style hang then you can experiment with less of a gap.  
Hanging Pictures Above Fireplace

Consider first what will be placed on the mantelpiece. If you have a clock or other ornaments you will need to leave space up to 30cm, otherwise keep the gap between the mantelpiece and the bottom of the frame to around 10cm (there’s a good reason why the architect put it at that height in the first place). As with hanging above furniture, aim for your artworks to take up approximately two thirds of the total width of the mantelpiece.
When hanging artwork above a fireplace, leave 10cm between the frame and top of the fireplace as Marilyn above. But when hanging artwork above decorated fireplace, leave space up to 30cm between frame and top of fireplace.
Gallery Walls, Salon Hangs and Vertical Stacks

Simply place the centre of your composition at 145cm from the ground. With these options, especially images stacked vertically, you can experiment with the lowest edge of your frame coming closer to the floor or top of the furniture.

Read more about gallery walls in How to Hang Your Art Collection? 
Salon-Style artwork cluster in the Manhattan apartment is supported by shelving creating a geometric shapes around artwork. The wall features works Andy Warhol (top left) and Louise Bourgeois (top right).           ©Architectural Digest by Simon Watson.
A mix of artworks situated close to the brown leather sofa. The gallery wall consists of The Jungle (top left), Pause (bottom left), Survivor (center), Solo (top right) and Remus (bottom right).
White room is warmed by a fireplace and vertical stack of ‘Dance’ (top), ‘Burst’ (center), ‘Chase’. 
Trust Your Vision

Most important of all don’t forget to use your own judgment. You know your space and your own taste better than anyone. We all have artistic potential whether we know it or not, so be confident with what feels right. It could be the difference between a nice interior or an absolutely incredible one.
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Summit

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Chase

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Nefertiti

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Bosque Grande

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Marilyn

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Dance

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Bosque Mágico

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Widow

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Metsä

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